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FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions
"Seed Availability"

Regarding query on seeds availability, kindly mail to

The seed materials can be obtained by remitting the required amount to the office in the form of cash/Bank draft or through NEFT/RTGS. The details are given below

If Remittance by Demand Draft then  Demand draft to be drawn in favour of The Director, IIHR, Bangalore payable at Bangalore

And send to The Head, Division of Vegetable crops, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta lake post. Bangalore-560 089 along with your postal address, mobile number and seed materilal (qty) required. 

For RTGS/NEFT transfer :

NEFT / RTGS Details

Name of the beneficiary : DIRECTOR IIHR

Account Number : 37578009241

Bank: State Bank of India                     

Branch: Hesaraghatta

IFSC code : SBIN0041187

The various seeds availability and its rate acan be obtained by sending mail to
For general queries do visit our website or send us your details in contact section.

If money is sent through RTGS/NEFT you may kindly send all the details as mentioned below along with your complete postal address and mobile number to

Seed materials required (Quantity) 

Bank transaction details : 

(i)  Date of transaction

(ii)  Amount (Rs)

(iii) NEFT/RTGS track ID

Postal Address for Sending Seed Materials.

For other seedling materials kindly click the below link to know about more details on seedlings and variety 
or send mail to -
Statewise agricultural market data is available as on date thrugh the Agmarknet portal, which is a govt. of India portal on agricultural marketing that provides prices and arrival trend reports for important commodities.

National Agriculture Market (eNAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

Agro Processing Cluster

Seeds will be sent through Regd. Post parcel (upto 10kg) for which postal charges will be extra based on weight of the consignment.
For higher quantity (more than 10 kg) the consignment will be booked through any of the transport parcel services on To pay basis and handling & local transportation charges are charged extra depending on the quantity indented.
You may kindly note that the seed materials supplied by this institute is purely meant for the use only within Indian states/ Union territories
For further details please contact: 
Phone: 080-23086100 Extn: 285


"Abiotic stress of Okra"

Environmental stresses such as erratic and insufficient rainfall, extreme temperatures,salinity, alkalinity, aluminium toxicity, acidity, stoniness and others limit yield and productivity of many cultivated crop plants.

Plants growing in saline soils face two problems, high salt concentrations in the soil solution (i.e., high osmotic pressure and correspondingly low soil water potential) and high concentrations of potentially toxic ions such as Cl- and Na+.  

Salt tolerance is a polygenic trait, its expression is affected by various genetic,developmental and physiological interactions within and between the plant, and interaction with the environments.

Salinity tolerance in okra at seedling stage was governed by both additive and non additive genetic effects.

Okra can tolerate 60 mM NaCl, if it increase more than 60mM germination percentage, root length and shoot length will be affected in early stage.   

It is sensitive to frost and extremely low temperatures.

For normal growth and development a temperature between 24°C and 28°C is preferred. At 24°C the first flower bud may appear in the third leaf axil while at 28°C it may appear in sixth leaf axil.

For faster plant growth still higher temperature helps though it delays the fruiting. But at higher temperatures beyond 40°–42°C, flowers may desiccate and drop, causing yield losses

For seed germination optimum soil moisture and a temperature between 25°C and 35°C is needed with fastest germination observed at 35°C. Beyond this range the germination will be delayed and weak seeds may not even germinate

Low precipitation.

Low relative Humidity.

High light intensity with with hot dry condition during seed ripening

Increasing difference between day & night temperature can reduce the seed yield considerably  

High night temperature favours in plant height.

High day temperature delay in flower development.

Medium day temperature and high R.H favours flower bud initiation.

Long day light produces only vegetative phase for nine months.

Low temperature and low light intensity reduce the pollen burst.

Hard seededness affect the seed germination
Very high temperature during pod development stage influence the hard seededness
To improve seed germination, soak the seed with GA3 or thiourea at 50-100 ppm for 24 hours at 25 °C before sowing the seeds.

Remedies of overcoming hard seeds  
Treat with H2S04 for 2-3 min.
Soaking the seeds in a water bath at 45°C for 1.5h improves germination