Seed rate: Depending on the variety 1 to 1.25 kg of seeds are required for sowing one hectare of land.
Irrigation: Irrigation is given after transplanting. About four to five weeks after transplanting top dressing fertilizer on the sides of ridges and earthing up is done to bring plants to the middle of the ridge. Frequency of irrigation depends on soil type and season, and normally done once in 8-10 days during winter and 4-5 days interval during summer. Excess irrigation during flowering stage to be avoided to reduce flower dropping. During rainy season yields can be substantially increased by providing supplementary irrigations whenever the dry spell exceeds one week period. The most critical stages of moisture stress are initial establishment stage and pre-blooming and fruit development stage.
Weeding: Two to three hand weeding are essential. Among the herbicides recommended diphenamid, EPTC, nitrogen and alachlor are extensively used for controlling weeds in chilli crop. Pre plant incorporation (10 days before planting) of EPTC at 3.75 kg/ ha followed by application of either nitrogen at 1-2 kg a.i./ ha or alachlor at 2.5 kg a.i./ ha or Diphenamid around 4.8 kg/ ha as pre-emergence sprays give good control weeds in chilli plants.
Pinching: As bell
varieties grown in
Harvesting and yield: The crop starts yielding green chillies 2 months after transplanting and dry chillies 90 days after transplanting. The crop lasts for 5-6 months after transplanting depending upon duration of the variety. picking of green chillies or picking of red ripe chillies is done.