is an most important summer vegetable crop
cultivated worldwide. Fruits are delicious and sweet. It
is a rich source of Vitamin A and minerals like
to its versatility; rinds of watermelon is
used in various processed items such as tuty fruity,
candy, watermelon juices. Major watermelon
growing states in the country include Andhra
Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh,
Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana and
Punjab. Watermelon is
affected by a number of pests and diseases, which
include fungal, bacterial, viral and root knot
F1 hybrid between IIHR-60-1 X Arka Manik, high yielding (90-100 t/ha) with high TSS (11-120 Brix). Fruits oval round.
Dwarf vine and early maturing type (75-80 days). It has dark green stripes and deep red flesh. Fruit yield 85 to 90 t/ha.
Watermelons do not sweeten after they are picked, so harvest time is important. They generally ripen over two weeks. Watermelon is 90% water.Maturity in watermelon is judged from withering of tendril, change in belly colour or ground spot to yellow and thumping test (If the watermelon sounds hollow, it is ripe). A well maintained crop can yield 400-600 q/ha.
Select deep, well drained soil with sandy or sandy loam texture. The pH of the soil should be between 5.5 and 6.5. Watermelon requires hot dry climate and a long growing season preferably with warmer days and cooler nights .... Read More
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Plant growth & development
Harvest at fruit maturity stage indicated by fruit base color turning from white to pale yellow and tendrils drying up as indicated by change of colour from green to straw colour... Read More