Crop Production

Guava is considered as one of the exquisite, nutritionally valuable and a remunerative crop among the various fruit crops. Guava fruits is used both for fresh consumption and processing.  Besides its high nutritive value, it produce good yield and economic returns involving very little inputs and little care and is good for rainfed areas.


  • Irrigation: Guava plants are generally grown under rainfed conditions. However, irrigation has been found useful for guava cultivation. During rainy season, guava plants hardly require any irrigation. Irrigation once in every 20 days in summer and every month in winter improves fruit set and fruit size and reduce fruit drop. In regions with 380 - 500 mm annual rainfall, an additional 2460 mm of water is required through 8-10 irrigations, April-June months being the critical period.  Drip irrigation is also recommended with 70% evaporation replenishment.

Guava general information.

Guava (Psidium guajava L) of the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), is the fifth most widely grown fruit crop in India after banana, mango, citrus and papaya. The fruit has gained considerable prominence in India due to its high nutritive value, moderate prices, pleasant aroma and good flavour. Guava is a rich source of vitamin C and pectin and moderate source of B vitamins, calcium, iron and phosphorus. It is one of the commonest fresh fruits liked by the rich and the poor alike and is popularly known as the ‘apple of tropics’ or `poor man’s apple’. Only a small quantity of the production is utilized for processing in the form of jelly, canned cups, juice and nectar, cheese, toffee bar, powder, flakes and strained baby foods have also been prepared besides commercial pectin.

Contact us.

  • ICAR - IIHR.
  • Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hessaraghatta Lake post, Bengaluru - 560 089.
  •   Phone +91-80 23686100. website :