Papaya Cultivation..

soil and climate

Soil and climatic requirements

Papaya is basically a tropical plant, which requires not only high temperature but also ample sunshine and adequate moisture in the soil and is highly sensitive to frost.



In India, a large number of papaya varieties are cultivated.



Papaya is generally propagated by seeds obtained through controlled pollination.


Nutrient Management

For papaya, fertilizers should be applied once in every two months.



Papaya needs regular water for its rapid fruit development and yield.


Soil and climate


Papaya is basically a tropical plant, which requires high temperature,  ample sunshine and adequate moisture in the soil and is highly sensitive to frost but it can also be grown in the mild sub-tropical regions of the country up to 1,000 m above the sea level. Temperature is one of the most important climatic factors determining the success of papaya cultivation. Night temperature below 12 - 14 oC for several hours during winter season affects its growth and yield. It is also very much sensitive to frost, strong wind and water stagnation. Regions having summer temperature between 38 to 48oC and where winter temperature does not fall below 5oC are ideal for its growth. Temperature below 10oC retards maturity, ripening and to certain extent the growth and fruit set. It is adapted to a wide range of rainfall conditions from 35 cm to 250 cm annual precipitation. 

 Soil type

Varieties of soils are suitable for its cultivation provided these are well drained and aerated. A rich, well-drained sandy loam soil is ideal for its cultivation. It also grows well in deep rich alluvial soils on banks and deltas of big rivers. It can also be grown in calcareous and stony soils provided these are dressed with heavy doses of organic manures. Well drained, medium black to red loamy soils with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.0 are suitable to grow this fruit. Extreme situations like soils with high pH (8.0) and low pH (5.0) should be avoided.  Papaya is highly susceptible to water logging and roots get damaged due to stagnant water.